The essences of leadership which the above definitions reveal are: 1. Leadership is the process of influencing behaviour of others. 2. Leadership uses non-coercive method to direct and coordinate the activities of the members. 3. Leadership directs the people to attain some goal. 4. Leadership occupies a role for a given time and for a group. 5.
The basic concept is this: In any situation, there are leaders and followers. Sometimes who they are can change, but both of the individuals/groups are necessary. The leader must have knowledge of the context/environment in which the leader and followers exist (present).
This model focuses on interdependence of employee involvement, need satisfaction and production for the development of relationships of trust and respect, development of team spirit and development of managers as effective leaders.