A technology stack is a set of software tools and components that developers use to create, develop, and deploy software applications. A technology stack can also be called a solutions stack, a technology infrastructure, or a data ecosystem. A technology stack typically consists of the following layers:
– Backend: This is the part of the application that handles the business logic, data processing, and communication with the frontend. The backend layer usually involves programming languages like Python, Ruby, Java, or PHP, and frameworks like Django, Rails, Spring, or Laravel.
– Database: This is the part of the application that stores and retrieves the data that the application needs, such as user profiles, orders, or transactions. The database layer usually involves relational databases like MySQL, PostgreSQL, or Oracle, or non-relational databases like MongoDB, Cassandra, or Redis.
– Server: This is the part of the application that hosts and runs the backend code and the database. The server layer usually involves web servers like Apache, Nginx, or IIS, and operating systems like Linux, Windows, or MacOS.
A technology stack can vary depending on the type, scale, and complexity of the application, as well as the preferences and decisions of the developers and architects. There are many popular and widely used technology stacks, such as:
– MEAN: This stands for MongoDB, Express, Angular, and Node.js.