End-to-End Process

End-To-End Process – End-To-End Process Analysis – End-To-End Process Framework – The end to end process refers to all activities and sub processes required to complete a certain task or a job start to finish. Usually end-to-end processes involve a number of siloed groups with the product or service being transferred from one group to another.

The reason why we want to view processes on end-to-end basis is because we need to recognize that from the point of view of the customer or the overall company, the process needs to be managed / enhanced start to finish. In the past, siloed groups only managed their part of the process, which resulted in duplication of effort, redundancies and limited strategic view. The processes need to be supported with end-to-end metrics such as the total cycle time required to complete a job.

end-to-end process

Force Field Analysis

Force Field Analysis – Force Field Analysis Framework – Force Field Business Methodology – Force field analysis is an approach to depict various forces or factors that are influencing a given business situation. It divides all relevant business forces into those that are supporting the goal and those that are hindering it. Furthermore, it identifies a perceived magnitude of each of the forces.

The force field framework is also used in social psychology and organizational development. The relevant forces are changing over time and you need to update the analysis as required. The following is an example of the force field analysis.

force field analysis

Affinity Diagram

Affinity – Affinity Diagram – Affinity Analysis – Affinity Framework – Affinity diagrams are used to organize ideas and data during a brainstorming session. The ideas are grouped and segmented by various topics and/or relationships. Affinity diagrams are usually completed on yellow post notes.

The affinity charts are widely used within the practice of project management are one of the key 7 management and planning tools. This is also often referred to as a KJ Method. Essentially, the affinity process consists of two main steps – 1. record your ideas 2. look for relationships and organize ideas into meaningful buckets.

affinity diagram

Harvey Balls

Harvey Balls – Harvey Balls Analysis – Harvey Balls Framework – Harvey Balls Business Methodology – Harvey Balls is one of the most widely used visualization tools to indicate the maturity and/or level of business challenges base on a simple scoring method. Essentially the score is 1 to 5 with a full circle representing a 5 and an empty one representing 1.

The Harvey balls can instantly tell you, which business processes require attention and, which are well-functional. This is an alternative to a heat map. Below sample images are examples of how Harvey Balls are used in business presentations.

harvey balls

Gap Analysis

Gap Analysis – Gap Analysis – Gap Analysis Framework – Gap Analysis Business Methodology – Gap Analysis is a business tool aimed at identifying gaps and / or problematic areas by a given business process or a department. Usually gap analysis utilizes a point of reference, e.g. an industry benchmark that serves as a comparisson point. Sometimes, benchmark would not be present, as instead you would specify where the business wants to go, and where the business currently is, what is the gap, how can this gap be breached, i.e. development of recommendations.

Below is an example of the stages for gap analysis and sample Gap Analysis representation widely used in business management presentations.

gap analysis

Business Heat Map

Heat Map – Heat Map Business Analysis – Heat Map Framework – Heat Map Business Methodology – Heat Map, also sometimes spelled as heatmap, is one of the business tools and is a form of a gap analysis, where one can quickly identify the problematic areas, usually marked in red, while green and yellow represent strengths and potential for improvement respectively.

Heat maps are very useful in presentations of large amounts of data. They usually list business processes and categories (e.g. by department) in a table full of financials / figures. By looking at the table, one quickly sees where effort needs to be directed and what are the areas of improvement. Below sample images are examples of Heat Map used in business management.

business heat map


Roadmap – Roadmap Analysis – Roadmap Framework – Action Plan – Action Plan Chart. Roadmap is a company’s action plan to realizing a certain business strategy consisting of concrete steps to be undertaken for realization of business goals and priorities.

Roadmap includes a timeline and intiatives categorized by a certain work stream. Below sample images are examples of roadmaps used in business management.